Anthony Henday Drive

Place Name: Anthony Henday Drive

Feature Type (Year Approved): Road (1988)

Name Origins: Commemorative


'Henday' is not listed in the Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland.

Anthony Henday (fl. 1750–1762) was one of the first European men to explore the interior of the Canadian northwest.

Henday was from the Isle of Wight, he may have been baptised in Shorwell on 24 December 1725.

His explorations were authorized and funded by the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) because of their concern with La Vérendrye and the other western commanders who were funnelling fur trade from the northwest to their forts. Eventually, James Isham, chief at York Fort, suggested someone go to western Rupert's Land to encourage trade with the region's First Nations tribes.

From Wikipedia:

Cultural Affiliation: British (English)

Gender: Male

Naming Edmonton: From Ada to Zoie

Anthony Henday, and English-born fur trader with the Hudson's Bay Company, is believed to have been the first person of European descent to make contact with Aboriginal people in today's southern Alberta. Henday, with a party of Cree guides, travelled west from York factory by canoe and foot in 1754-55, reaching the prairies in the fall of 1754. In the spring of 1755 he camped along the North Saskatchewan River, where he met with people from the Cree and Blackfoot nations. Whether or not he was also the first to see the majestic, snow-capped Rocky Mountains, however, remains a matter of dispute. While four copies of Henday's original journal exist, they are contradictory and the identification of quoted place names with con temporary geography has proven problematic.

Employed as a labourer for the Hudson's Bay Company at York Factory, in what is now Manitoba, Henday volunteered to travel west as part of the company's program of expanding its contact with Aboriginal trading partners. Just south of present day Red Deer, Henday met with the chief of the "Archithinue" people (believed to be Blackfoot). He failed, however, to convince the chief of the benefits of trading with the Hudson's Bay Company and returned to York Factory. A second trip west, in 1759, was also unsuccessful. Henday left the Hudson's Bay Company in 1762 and is believed to have returned to England.

Anthony Henday Drive forms a portion of a staged, long-term roadway plan that has been part of Edmonton's and Alberta's transportation network for more than 30 years. It is also an important link in the provincial north-south trade corridor. The ongoing project [since completed] will extend Anthony Henday Drive from Yellowhead Trail in northwest Edmonton to Calgary Trail in the south. The project's western segment, Yellowhead Trail south to 45 Avenue and connecting to Whitemud Drive, was completed in 2001. The easter segment, to follow former Highways 14 and 14X, is in the preliminary design phase. The southwest segment, to Highway 2 in the south, is scheduled for completion in 2005 and will complete the bypass of the city.

[Read more about Anthony Henday Drive on Wikipedia

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